All pigmented lesions contain melanin, it conveys colour to hair and skin and functions to protect the skin from sun exposure (ultraviolet radiation). The quantity of melanin in the skin is increased by sunlight, resulting in the process known as tanning. Lasers are effectively used for the treatment of pigmented lesions because they can selectively damage or destroy the darker area with little or no damage to the surrounding skin. Laser light is absorbed by the pigment melanin, where it is converted into heat causing break-up of the darker areas.

Lasers are ideal for treating the following pigment problems:-

1. Brown age spots (also called liver spots or solar lentigines) are pigment accumulations in the upper layer of the skin due to sun exposure. They occur on the face, neck, chest and back as well as forearms and hands.

2. Freckles (epithelides) are small spots of concentrated pigment stimulated by the sun that remain in stable locations on sun exposed areas.

3. Café-au-lait spots are the light brown colour of milky coffee; they can be small or large and appear on any part of the body.

The complex choice of which laser to use in the treatment of a pigmented lesion is often taxing for the most experienced laser physician. It depends on numerous factors including the type and depth of lesion, its size and location, and the patient’s underlying skin type. It is important that intervention does not make matters worse. A full medical consultation is essential for diagnosis, confirmation and exclusion of pigment problems associated with malignancy such as melanoma.

For further information please call us.

Pricing is determined after a consultation with our surgeon.